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Home » Your Eye Health in Oak Brook, IL » Eye Diseases » Diabetes and Eyesight » Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

Dear Oakbrook Eyecare Family,

At Oakbrook Eyecare, it is always our top priority to provide everyone the best possible care, as well as to ensure the health and safety of our patients, employees, families and our community. We appreciate the trust you have in our practice, and please know that we take the health of your families very seriously.

We have been following the evolution of the COVID-19 outbreak, and have been taking guidance from the CDC, AMA, and IOA regarding the best practice and management of patient care in this rapidly changing situation.

Starting this week, we will limit our optical hours for glasses and contact lens pick-ups to Tuesday, March 17th, Thursday, March 19th, Tuesday, March 24th, and Thursday, March 26th from 9:30-6:00 p.m. For contact lens orders, we ask you to contact us during the stated hours and we will make every effort to have the contact lenses sent directly to your home.

Our clinic will suspend eye examinations and be limited to emergency eyecare only. For ocular emergencies only, please call Dr. Franceschini at 630-240-1103. For other eyecare related inquiries, please leave a message and we will return your phone call.

We greatly appreciate your understanding and will keep our patients updated via our website and email.

With warm regards,

Dr. Franceshini and Staff
(630) 571-0399